How to create a simple EJB3 project in Eclipse (JBoss 5.1)

Environment Used

  • JDK 6 (Java SE 6)
  • EJB 3.0 (stateless session bean)
  • Eclipse Indigo IDE for Java EE Developers (3.7.1)
  • JBoss Tools – Core 3.3.0 M5 for Eclipse Indigo (3.7.1)
  • JBoss Application Server (AS) 5.1.0

Setting up development environment:

Read this page for installing and setting up the environment for developing and deploying EJB 3.0 Session bean on JBoss application server.

Project Description:

  • We are going to create a simple EJB 3 HelloWorld stateless session bean project and a remote Java application client which will call/invoke the bean.
  • This “HelloWorld” example explains how to develop, deploy and run EJB3 Session Bean (stateless and stateful) in JBoss application server.
  • For testing this “HelloWorld” example we write a remote Java Application Client (main() method).
  • For simplicity, the session bean and the client to access the session bean are created in the same project.

Creating New EJB Project

  • Open Eclipse IDE and create a new EJB project which can be done in three ways,
    • Right click on Project Explorer -> New -> EJB Project
    • File menu -> New -> EJB Project
    • Click on the down arrow on New icon on toolbar -> EJB Project
  • Enter the project name as “HelloWorldSessionBean” and make sure the JBoss 5.1 Runtime has been selected with the EJB 3.0 Module version.
  • Click Next -> Next -> and Finish.
  • You will see an EJB project in the Project Explorer view.

Creating Session Bean and Bean Interface

  • Right click on ejbModule -> New -> Session Bean (EJB 3.x)
  • Enter the Java package name as com.ibytecode.businesslogic
  • Enter the Class name as HelloWorldBean
  • Select the State type as Stateless
  • Check the Remote Business Interface and enter the name as The business interface will be created in different package (
  • Click Finish

Coding Bean and the Interface

  • Open Bean Interface and type the following code and save the file (Ctrl+s).
  • Interface can be either @Remote or @Local. In this example we have used @Remote.
import javax.ejb.Remote;

public interface HelloWorld {
	public String sayHello();

  • Open Bean and type the following code and save the file.
  • Bean type can either be @Stateful or @Stateless. In this example we have used @Stateless.
package com.ibytecode.businesslogic;

import javax.ejb.Stateless;

public class HelloWorldBean implements HelloWorld {
    public HelloWorldBean() {

	public String sayHello() {
		return "Hello World !!!";

Now the Stateless Session Bean has been created. The next step is to deploy the bean on the server.

Deploying EJB project

  • Now we need to deploy the stateless session bean “HelloWorldBean” on server.
  • Deploying the project can be done in two ways,
    • Right click on the EJB project -> Run As -> Run On Server. Select the existing “JBoss 5.1 Runtime Server” and click Finish.
    • Right click on “JBoss 5.1 Runtime Server” available in Servers view -> Add and Remove… -> Select the EJB JAR file from the left pane and click Add-> and then Finish.

Start/Restart the Server

Right click on “JBoss 5.1 Runtime Server” from Servers view and click on Start if it has not yet been started.
If the project is deployed properly with global JNDI mapping then you will see the following message in the console.

Creating Client

  • The next step is to write a remote Java client application (with main()) for accessing and invoking the EJBs deployed on the server
  • Client uses JNDI to lookup for a proxy of your bean and invokes method on that proxy.

Creating JNDI InitialContext

Obtaining a Context using InitialContext

  • All naming service operations are performed on some implementation of the javax.naming.Context interface. Therefore, the starting point of interacting with the naming service is to obtain a Context by providing the properties specific to the server implementation being used. In our case it is, JBoss Application Server.
  • To create a javax.naming.InitialContext, we need to initialize it with properties from the environment. JNDI verifies each property’s value by merging the values from the following two sources,
    • Using parameterized constructor of InitialContext which takes properties of supplied environment
    • resource files found on the classpath.
  • NOTE:We will use constructor for initializing the InitialContext

For JBoss AS 5 we need to set following properties,
Context.INITIAL_CONTEXT_FACTORY = org.jnp.interfaces.NamingContextFactory
Context.URL_PKG_PREFIXES = org.jboss.naming:org.jnp.interfaces
Context.PROVIDER_URL = jnp://localhost:1099

The following utility class is used to create InitialContext for JBoss AS and can be reused in all applications. Otherwise the code written in this class should be repeated in all clients.

  • Right click on ejbModule -> New -> Class
  • Enter the package name as com.ibytecode.clientutility
  • Enter the Class name as ClientUtility
  • Click on Finish

package com.ibytecode.clientutility;
import java.util.Properties;
import javax.naming.Context;
import javax.naming.InitialContext;
import javax.naming.NamingException;
public class ClientUtility {
	/*location of JBoss JNDI Service provider the client will use. 
	It should be URL string.*/
	private static final String PROVIDER_URL = "jnp://localhost:1099";
	/*specifying the list of package prefixes to use when 
	loading in URL context factories. colon separated*/
	private static final String JNP_INTERFACES = 
	/*Factory that creates initial context objects. 
	fully qualified class name. */
	private static final String INITIAL_CONTEXT_FACTORY = 

	private static Context initialContext;
	public static Context getInitialContext() throws NamingException
		if (initialContext == null) {
			//Properties extends HashTable
			Properties prop = new Properties();		    	      
			prop.put(Context.PROVIDER_URL, PROVIDER_URL);
			initialContext = new InitialContext(prop);
		return initialContext;

Creating client class

  • Right click on ejbModule -> New -> Class
  • Enter the package name as com.ibytecode.client
  • Enter the Class name as EJBApplicationClient
  • Check the main() method option
  • Click on Finish

package com.ibytecode.client;
import javax.naming.Context;
import javax.naming.NamingException;
import com.ibytecode.clientutility.ClientUtility;
public class EJBApplicationClient {
	private static final String LOOKUP_STRING = "HelloWorldBean/remote";
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		HelloWorld bean = doLookup();
		System.out.println(bean.sayHello()); //3. Call business logic

	private static HelloWorld doLookup(){
		Context context = null;
		HelloWorld bean = null;
                  	//1. Obtaining Context
			context = ClientUtility.getInitialContext();		
		        //2. Lookup and cast
		        bean = (HelloWorld)context.lookup(LOOKUP_STRING); 
		}catch(NamingException e){
		return bean;

The figure below shows the final directory structure of this example.

Run the client

Use Ctrl + F11 to run the client.

Hello World !!!

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